Balanced/Unbalanced Line Level Converter
The MCM Custom Audio Model 555-8485 Line Level Converter is an essential interface in sound systems that utilize a combination of professional audio gear, with consumer home theater equipment, PCs, laptops and portable MP3 players.
Anyone that has attempted to use commonly available RCA-to-XLR adapters to send an RCA line level output from a tape deck, CD or DVD player, into an XLR input of a pro-sound amplifier or mixer, knows the problem of levels being too low. This occurs for two reasons: “Line-level” signal level for consumer audio equipment is nominally -10BV (or -7.78dBU). However, “line-level” signal level for pro-sound equipment is +4dBU (or +1.78dBV). Simply put, pro audio gear is looking for a 11.78dB higher signal level. XLR inputs are “balanced”, in that the positive and negative components of the signal are carried on two separate conductors (hence the use of 3-pin XLR connectors). When using standard RCA to XLR adapters, the line level signal is supplied only to the positive pin. The negative pin is either tied to ground or left open. This absence of half of the component creates a -6dB signal deficit.
Conversely, when coming from the record output of a mixing console, or similar equipment, to send to a consumer tape deck, computer sound card or VCR, the line level is often far to hot to be usable.
The 555-8454 Line Level Converter incorporates four independent low noise audio amplifier circuits, to provide two stereo audio channels. Channel 1
Accepts L/R RCA type unbalanced consumer line level inputs, electronically balances the signal, amplifies it to pro-sound line level, and supplies it to two male XLR output connections. Channel 2
Accepts L/R XLR balanced inputs, electronically converts them to two unbalanced channels, and provides attenuated signal to L/R RCA outputs. Both channel 1 and 2 include level controls for fine adjustment of each pair. Note:
The advantage of higher gain, balanced audio signals with pro-sound gear is its immunity to induced noise and interference. Since the signal is balanced on two lines, any interference that is introduced on the line is cancelled out at the destination. Additionally, the higher signal level insures better signal-to-noise ratio on the line.
Therefore, if this device is to be used on consumer equipment that is a great distance from the amplifier or mixer input, it should be located as close to the source as possible. That will allow the distance of signal to be sent at the higher, balanced level. Specifications
Maximum Gain Balanced-to-unbalanced: -8dB Unbalanced-to-balanced: +20dB
Maximum Output: +18dB balanced +12dB unbalanced
Maximum Input: +22dB balanced and unbalanced
Frequency response: 20Hz~20KHz S/N ratio: >90dB Noise Floor: -88dB THD: <0.003% Power requirements: 12VDC, AC adapter included Dimensions: 1-3/4" (H) x 5-5/8" (W) x 3-5/8" (D)
|MCM Part #:||555-8485|
|MCM Custom Audio Part #:||555-8485|
|Package Specifications & Dimensions|
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|Extra Shipping Charge:||No|